To understand patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS), you need to understand what parts of the body are normally the cause of pain. It is important to understand PFPS is an umbrella term to describe pain on the front of the knee. The parts of the body normally causing pain are the joint between the knee cap and the thigh bone, the tendons that attach above and below the knee cap, and the soft tissues under the knee cap that acts as a cushion in movement called ‘the fat pad’.
A knee can become painful in PFPS with 3 main causes:
- overuse and overload of the patellofemoral joint,
- muscular weakness,
- and imbalance or dysfunction within movement.
The best way to resolve PFPS long term is often to NOT focus on where it hurts. Rather focussing on the CAUSE of the irritation is what gets the best long- term results. It’s well researched that tPFPS is caused from overuse or ‘too much stress’, so what is causing this increased stress? Well, that can depend on many things. Who you are and what you do can be a huge influence. In some cases, it is related to level of activity, so it might be that you have recently started exercising more or have recently started a workplace activity requiring repetitive movement. For this reason, although some general advice can be helpful, you’ll find any leading practitioner will always recommend a very thorough assessment, of not just your knee, but also the rest of you body and all your lifestyle factors to make sure they are advising an individualised and successful treatment plan for you.
Proactive Health & Movement